Document Type : Research Paper


Associate Professor at Tarbiat Modares University. Tehran, Iran;


The paper aims to study the Shahnameh on the basis of Hegel’s theory of tragedy. For Hegel, political authority was closely related to tragedy and the two formed a unique worldview that helps us understand Greek society and polity in a new way. It is hoped that by studying the Shahnameh on this basis, we may be able to come to a better understating of Iranian society and polity.


Bahar Mohammad Taghi.(1379/2000). Ferdowsi Nameh-e Maleko Sho'ara Bahar .M. Golban edited, Tehran: Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.
Bradley Andrew. (1950). "Hegel's Theory of Tragedy", in Oxford Lectures on Poetry. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Eslami Nadoushan Mohammad Ali. ( 1351/1972). Daastan-e Daastanha: Rostam vaEsfandiyar. Tehran: Anjoman-e Aasaar-e Melli.
Ferdowsi Abol Qasem. (1987). The Tragedy of Sohrab and Rostam from the PersianNational Epic, the Shahnameh of Abol Qasem Ferdowsi. translated by Jerome W. Clinton, Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Ferdowsi Abol Qasem.(1992) The Legend of Seyavash. translated by Dick Davis, London: Penguin.
Ferdowsi Abol Qasem. (1988-1998). The Shahnameh of Ferdowsi. D. Khaleghi Motlagh edited, Persian Text Series, New York: Bibliotheca Persica.
Ferdowsi Abol Qasem. (1971). Shahmaneh-e Ferdowsi: mateh enteqadi. 9 volumes, edited by A Bertles, translation supervised by A Noushin, Moscow: Institute of Oriental Studies.
Ferdowsi, Abol Qasem.(1999). In theDragon’s Claws: The Story of Rostam and Esfandiyar From the Persian Book of Kings By Abolqasem Ferdowsi, Translated and Introduced by Jerome W. Clinton, Washington, Mage Publishers.
Harris Henry S. (1997). Hegel's Ladder, II: The Odyssey of Spirit. Indianapolis: Hackett
Hegel Georg W.F.(1956) The Philosophy of History. translated by J. Sibree, New York: Dover.
Hegel Georg W.F.(1975). Aesthetics: Lectures on Fine Art. 2 volumes, translated by T.M. Knox, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hegel Georg W.F. (1977) Phenomenology of Spirit. translated by A.V. Miller, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Khaleghi Motlagh Jalal. (1988). Babr-e Bayan: roein tani va gonehaye aan published in two issues of the Iran Nameh 6(2):25-45 and 6(3)125-149.
Kitto Humphrey. (2011). Greek Tragedy. London :Routledge.
Matini Jalal.(1984). Afrasiyab Iran Nameh, 2(2) 65-88.
Mills Patrick. (1998) Hegel's Antigone in the The Phenomenology of Spirit Reader: Critical and Interpretive Essays, J. Stewart edited, New York:State University of New York.
Minovi Mojtaba. (1358/1980). Naqd-e Haal, Tehran: Kharazmi.
Roche Michael. (1998). Tragedy and Comedy: A Study and a Critique of Hegel. New York: State University of New York Press.
Sa'idi Sirjani Ali Akbar. (1377/1998) Bichareh Esfandiyar. Tehran: Nasher-e Peykan.
She'ar Ja’far and Anvaari Hasan. (1363/1984). Gham nameh-e Rostam va Sohrab azz Shahnemeh-e Ferdowsi, Tehran: Nashr-e Naasher.