زندگی در لذت یا در سایه مرگ: تحلیل نمایش "قاتل" اثر اوژن یونسکو بر اساس مفاهیم اگزیستاسیالیستی کرکگارد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مسوول گروه زبان انگلیسی دانشکده فارابی

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

اوژن یونسکو در نمایش خود با نام قاتل شرایط واقعی زندگی انسان را به تصویر میکشد. وی زندگی و مرگ، هستی و نیستی و تنزل او به مرتبه نیستی را به روی صحنه می اورد. او در پی رویارویی انسان با شرایط واقعی زندگی است. پس وجود انسان را باید تعارض بین تمایلات افسارگسیخته و بی پایان ادمی با هستی در بند و محدود او دانست. مقاله حاضر در پی بررسی دیدگاه اوژن یونسکو پیرامون تنهایی انسان در این دنیای بیگانه، دلهره های نهفته در اعماق وجودش و تقلای وی برای زنده ماندن است که در چهارچوب مفاهیم اگزیستانسیالیستی کرکگارد تحلیل خواه شد. برای پی بردن هر چه بهتر به این مفاهیم و مطابقت انها با نمایش، بخش هایی از نمایش ارایه شده است. هدف از این بررسی لمس هرچه بهتر شرایط پیچیده ای است که انسان هر روز در حال رویارویی با ان است. درک این واقعیت که نیستی قبل از هستی افسار بر گردن انسان انداخته و هیچ گاه او را رها نمی کند برای برانژه، شخصیت اصلی نمایش دشوار است. او شرایط واقعی زندگی بشر را تجربه میکند:زندگی همزمان در شادی و زیر سایه مرگ.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Living in Felicity or in the Shadow of Death: A Kierkegaardian Existentialistic Reading of Ionesco’s The Killer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Nazari 1
  • Fazel Asadi Amjad 2
1 Instructor of English-Farabi University
2 Faculty member of Kharazmi University
چکیده [English]

Eugène Ionesco in his play, The killer (1960) depicts a true reflection of the human condition; he depicts the images of life and death, being and non-being, and the reality of man’s reduction into the cypher of non-being. He wants man to come to grips with his true situation; hence, man's existence is fundamentally a conflict between the infinite extensions of the human urge as opposed to the necessary and limited state of being. The aim of this paper is to examine Ionesco's ideas on the loneliness of man in this alienated universe, his hidden anxieties and his struggle for survival within an Existential framework of Søren Kierkegaard; examples are drawn from The killer (1960) in order to fully examine Ionesco’s particular vision of life. Such a study aims at bringing about a realization and understanding of the conditions man is exposed to in the universe. It is too hard for Bérenger to believe that nothingness precedes, envelops, and conditions all being. He faces the two coexistent side of living: in felicity and in the shadow of death.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • existence
  • Survival
  • Anxiety
  • Being unto Death
  • Reason
  • Subjectivity

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