عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Rawls’ theory of justice enjoys all characteristics of a comprehensive conceptual system, and like any such a system, it embraces a special method nature of which has a definite influence on the content of the theory. The main methodological concepts of his theory consist in the ideas of the contract doctrine, the original position, the veil of ignorance and the reflective equilibrium. The content of these concepts and their relationships with each others and also with another relavant concepts in an cpmprehensive political theory is one of the most important qustions to which commentators and critics have payed attention. For instance, Doworkin has analized the relations between Rawlsian methodology right-based, goal-based and duty-based theories and aloso the constituitive and the natural model. Tomas Nigel is in about this claim that the final result derived from the Rawlsian method would lead to a just position. Calling Rwals` method a kind of `fictionalization`, Davide Hall has objected the possibility of actualization of this theory. In this paper, we try to focus on and categorize some important critical viwes conerning the Rawlsian methodology.