عنوان مقاله [English]
Guardianship as one of the foundations of religion is the core and essence of it. In the rules of Islam, it has been quoted, "Deeds are not accepted unless performed with faith in Guardianship". In fact, Guardianship is the heart and basis of the entire human virtues and the starting point of achieving the ultimate stage of faith as well. Hadjviri, the great mystic, in his book, Kashf al Mahjoob, says: "the foundation of the disciplines of Islamic mysticism and knowledge of God is Guardianship". In Islam the first rate of Guardianship belongs solely to God, and the other rates as manifestations are derived from this pre-existent spring. Although Guardianship is considered widely in many kinds of Islamic knowledge but in this square, discussion of completing guardianship and the last guardians is one of the most important and exotic discussion in the view of Islamic mysticism that had been disputed by many of elegance inhabitants and spiritual masters. In this issue, first, Guardianship and its various kinds and then the last of the Guardians, based on Ibn Arabi's viewpoints, have been considered and criticized, and at last the Shiite's faith in guardianship has been emphasized.