عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
According to Shikh-e- Mufid, knowledge has propositional and assertoric form obtained either from sense and observation; in this case, knowledge is self-evident or it achieved from rational argument and repeated news, then, it is acquisitive knowledge or Ilm- e- Kasbi, in his view, God cannot be seen in anyway, knowing him, is accessible only through rational argument and frequently news. It includes the belief in accordance with reality and with the assurance, based on rational argument, repeated news and responder of opposition's questions. According to Allameh Tabataba’i, this meaning of knowledge is not rejected, but it isn’t the complete one of knowledge. The real and complete knowledge is an intuitive and direct knowledge such as consciousness toward own nature and states. May God grant the intuitive and presence knowledge to him with rational thinking and reflecting on the verses and traditions and cultivate practical reason and purification of the soul. Accordingly, Allameh, unlike Sheikh -e- Mufid, in the interpretation of verses from the Quran related to the vision and meeting the Lord, speaks of the kind of observing God which is a presence and self-evident knowledge. This kind of knowledge is confirmed by tradition of prophet's household (A.S) too.