عنوان مقاله [English]
As one of the most serious problems of epistemology, the problem of other minds is rooted in Descartes’ dualism. Since his times, several solutions to the problem have been suggested, but none of them can solve it. In contrary to classic philosophy and analytical philosophy, Heidegger believes that the origin of this problem and provided solutions to respond it, like many other epistemological problems, is the incorrect analysis on human and world and their mutual relations. Instead of addressing to the problem of other minds as an epistemological one, Heidegger refers to the ontological foundations that raise to such problems. By phenomenological study of human and world, Heidegger transfers the problem of other minds from epistemology to ontology. Based on his analysis, all humans are in a public world constituted by a context of life equipments and they encounter others by concerning this world in a pragmatic relation. Such encountering leaves no room for epistemological doubt about others.