عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
This brief essay is aimed at making clear the necessity of considering the two meaning’s of the Arabic word» Valy« in respect to Valayat (philia) and Velayat (politeia) in correlation with together as interiority (boţun) and manifestation (zohur) of one another and thus not in separation manner with each other. Since as it will be followed the origin of most misunderstandings in this subject refers to such separation between these two meanings of the word» Valy« and to be adopted them as equivocal,if we hold them relevant in respect of both letter and meaning such as in hikmat and Islamic philosophy is done,the feature of the matter will be changed and then it will appear for us some unfoldings on understanding of the meanings of the verses of Quran(included 59 of An-Nissaa and 55 of Al-Ma 'idah) and the respective revayat.
This inquiry will also show that the famous view of Fakhr al-din Razi concerning knowledge as the category of relation cannot be considered as so-called the relation-possessed attribute in the soul of the knower and thus his conception seems to be referred just to mere relation that of course which in turn needs an independent inquiry in his philosophical and theological woks.